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雅思作文开头怎么写最容易得高分
2018-02-08 17:14    出国资讯    小波

  要想在一个小时内写完两篇雅思作文,并且还得保证质量,不是件简单的事,因此很多考生在备考时都会在主体段和论点论据方面下功夫,没人会关心开头段。但其实不然,雅思作文开头段更为重要,因为它是你的文章给考官的第一感觉,如果写得不够好,无法吸引考官再看下去。下面给大家讲解下雅思作文开头该怎么写才最好,希望大家好好看下。

  一、雅思作文开头之雅思作文开头怎么写最好­

  1) 抛弃冗长模板

  "使用模板,一律四分"的说法或许有些夸张,但也在一定程度上反映了考官对于模板的深恶痛绝。其实模板套句并不是不能用,而是要运用灵活,不留痕迹。在很多文章中,开头结尾的两个复杂到爆炸的长句在通篇简单句和基础语法错误的映衬下格外醒目,这种稍微有些英语知识的人都会识破的小聪明,更不可能逃过考官的眼睛。

  建议学生们积累一些简单实用的基本套句,如:

  我们的生活已离不开…

  We can not imagine our life without (the mobile phone)。

  我们随处都可以看到…/使用…

  (An increasing use of machines) is now being witnessed everywhere。

  (Fast food such as KFC and Mcdonald's)now could be found everywhere。

  …已成为一个不断增长的趋势。

  (Urbanization) has established itself as a growing trend。

  There emerged a growing trend that (people are pouring into urban areas)。

  越来越多的人选择…/倾向于认为…

  More and more people are choosing (to study abroad)。

  More and more people tend to believe that (more risks than benefits have been brought by air travel)。

  …已经不再罕见

  It is not uncommon to see that (female leaders are playing an equally important role as their male counterparts in various areas)。

  It is not uncommon to see (people performing everyday task and even working at home)。

  人们开始意识到…

  People are beginning to realize (the side effects of television on family relationship)。

  在几十年前,…很少有人会想象到…

  Several decades ago, few people could have imagined that (our life would have changed so greatly due to the use of Internet)。

  2) 开头具体化

  具体化的开头是6分以及6分以上文章的一大特点,即 "要让考官觉得你这个开头是完全针对题目写出来的",要做到这一点,就必须紧紧围绕话题展开。比如下面这道题目:

  The development of technology changes the way people interact with each other. In what ways does technology affect the types of relationships people make­ Is it a positive or negative development­

  (开头段一) As a matter of fact, the issue on the effects of science and technology is a complex and controversial one. Different individuals can hold various opinions due to their distinct backgrounds, therefore, there is no universal answer to this question. In some areas, some people believe that technology has brought benefits on people's relationship, in other fields, others mountain that it has some side effects。

  (开头段二) It is undeniable that science and technology has played an increasingly important role in modern society. The benefits brought by such trend are obvious, but problems have also been welled up. As for its influences on people's relationship, I believe the advantages brought by technology outweigh its drawbacks。

  (开头段三) Even two decades ago, few people could have imagined that we can perform our daily tasks via computer. Now more and more people are choosing to do the shopping, banking and even work online. So how can such trend affect the interactions between modern-day people­ I will give my answer in the following essay。

  开头段一为典型的模板式开头,废话多,与话题关系小,毫无疑问会引起考官的反感。开头段二虽然也使用了模板句, 但运用较灵活,不足之处是背景句没有紧扣话题,虽然谈到科技影响生活但没有具体到'relationship'。开头段三语言虽简单但紧紧围绕话题'relationships'展开,灵活的使用了一些简短的小套句,而这样具体化的开头最受考官青睐。

  3) 简单即是美

  雅思作文考的不是文学修养而是学术写作能力,即如何运用语言有效的表达观点证明观点,因此,简单明了的开头会给考官留下效率高的好印象,而且简单的开头段避免了使用模板的嫌疑也节省了时间。

  例:

  Science and technology have changed people's relationships significantly, which I believe has more benefits than risks。

  It is argued that more risks than benefits have been brought by the development of technology on people's relationships. Personally, I can hardly agree with this opinion.

  最后,写作重在练习,所谓熟能生巧,开头段的构思亦是一样。

  二、雅思作文开头之不同话题的雅思作文开头段模板汇总:

  1.When asked about…, most / many / quite a few people believe that…; but other people view it quite differently.

  当被问及……,大多数/许多/不少人相信……;但其他人的观点则大有不同。

  When asked about the biggest problem today, many people say that it is the serious energy crisis. They are afraid that the world will soon run out of oil and run short of food. But other people hold optimistic views: they regard it as a natural result of the economic development and believe it will be only solved with further advances in economy and technology.

  当被问及当今社会面临的最大问题是什么时,许多人认为是严重的能源危机。他们害怕地球上的石油和食物很快就会耗尽。而其他人持有更乐观的想法:他们认为这些都是经济发展的自然结果,并且相信只有经济和科技都有更长远的发展,这个问题才能得以解决。

  [适用话题:能源]

  2. When it comes to…, some people think / believe that…; others argue that the opposite is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but …

  当涉及到…,一些人认为/相信…;其他人则争论事实其实相反。双方的观点也许各有道理,但…

  When it comes to what makes the world go round, some persons say that it is love. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it is money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round.

  当谈及是什么使得世界运转时,一些人说是爱。其他思维不够浪漫、更为实际的人则说是金钱而不是爱。但真相是,让世界运转的是能源。

  [适用话题:能源]

  3. There is a general discussion nowadays about the issue / problem of…. Those who oppose / criticize / object to… argue that…. They believe that…. But people who advocate / favor…, on the other hand, maintain that….

  当下关于…的话题/问题引起了广泛的讨论。那些抵制/批评/反对…的人认为…他们相信…但是另一方面,那些提倡/支持…的人则坚持…的观点。

  There is much discussion today about whether fast economic growth is desirable. Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down. They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, and the possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment. People who want more economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth rate there are still many poor people. They maintain that only continued growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life and provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings from industrialization.

  当下关于快速增长的经济模式是否还有必要的问题引起了广泛的讨论。持批评意见的人们坚持认为我们应该放慢发展经济的步伐。他们相信社会正在逼近发展的极限,包括有限的自然资源和工业发展对自然环境可能的负面的影响。而另一方面,支持经济发展的人则争论道,即使是现在经济增长率如此高,仍然有许多的贫困人口。他们坚持认为只有经济持续发展,我们才能创造更多的资本以来提高生活质量,并为保护自然环境不被工业化污染提供必要的经济支持。

  [适用话题:经济发展]

  4. These days we often hear about…. They argue that…. But is it really so­ Close analysis does not bear out the argument.

  近日来我们经常听说…他们争论道…但真的是这样吗­仔细分析一下事实,这个论点站不住脚跟。

  These days we often hear about “the classless society”. They say that all men are equal, and they can enjoy the same educational and job opportunities, and the distinction between rich and poor has lost. But has it­ Close examination does not bear out the claim.

  近日来我们经常听到“无阶级社会”的说法。他们认为所有的人都是平等的,享有相同的教育和工作机会,贫富之间的差距已经消失了。真的消失了吗­仔细分析的结果不支持这个论断。

  [适用话题] 社会

  5. Recently the question / problem of… has drawn /aroused public concern.

  近来关于…的问题吸引/引起了公众的关注。

  In recent years an interesting fact has been brought to public attention: as educational levels, salaries, and the cost of living have increased, more and more people are now having fewer and fewer children to the point where schools in many cities have to close down.

  近年来,一个有趣的现象引起了公众的关注:随着教育水平、公民薪水和生活成本的提高,越来越多的人选择少生孩子,以至于许多城市的学校不得不关闭。

  [适用话题]:教育

  6. Last Sunday, a friend of mine…. The case is not unique, it is typical of thousands of…

  上周日,我的一个朋友…这个事例并不稀奇,在成千上万的…中十分有代表性。

  讲故事开头法,谨慎使用,若用好,会是加分项。

  The other day, I met Miss Lee, my old classmate, who told me that she had decided to quit her job as a teacher at the end of the school year and to go into a company. Miss Lee’s case is not unusual, it is typical of thousands of young teachers who are quitting their jobs in search of more profitable work.

  前几天,我遇到了李小姐,我的老同学,她告诉我她已经决定在年底辞去教师的职位,去公司发展。李小姐的事例并不稀奇,这在成千上万的年轻老师中很平常:为了找到挣钱更多的工作,想要辞去现在的工作。

  [适用话题]:教育

  7. why… what… can…­ Of all the questions I have heard, this is the most frequently heard of.

  为什么…什么…能­在所有我听到的问题里,这个问题是最常被提及的。

  问题法开头,也要谨慎使用。

  Can machines be as intelligent as human beings­ Of all the discussion and debate about artificial-intelligence machines and their relation to human intelligence we have heard these days, this is the one most frequently voiced….

  机器可以像人一样聪明吗­在近来所有关于人工智能和人类智慧的关系的探讨和争论中,这个问题是最常被提起的…

  [适用话题]:人工智能

 

  以上就是给大家整理的关于雅思作文开头段怎么写最好的详细内容介绍,希望大家在看完文章后能对雅思作文开头段写作有新的认识,更加注重雅思作文开头段的备考练习,这样在考试时才能写出更加出色的作文来。

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